Cost-Effective Recycling of Construction Demolition Waste 

Cost-Effective Recycling of CDW in High Added Value Energy Efficient Prefabricated Concrete Components for Massive Retrofitting of our Built Environment (VEEP) (2016-2021) 

The main aim of the VEEP project ( is to develop a series of retrofitting technological solutions i.e., two novel multi-layer precast concrete elements (PCEs) using concrete and superinsulation material manufactured by using at least 75% (by weight) of CDW materials as raw materials. The PCE elements were developed for building envelope/recladding (PCE1) and building envelope refurbishment/recladding (PCE2) applications.